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ISBN 9783843918312

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978-3-8439-1831-2, Reihe Physik

Vera Derya
Experimental studies of low-lying electric dipole excitations in light and medium-mass nuclei using complementary probes

117 Seiten, Dissertation Universität Köln (2014), Softcover, A5

Zusammenfassung / Abstract

Three different aspects of low-lying electric dipole excitations in light and medium-mass spherical nuclei have been investigated in this thesis using complementary experimental methods. One focus was on the isospin character of dipole excitations in the doubly-magic nucleus 48Ca probed in an (α,α'γ) experiment at 34 MeV/u performed at the Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut (KVI) in Groningen, The Netherlands, along with a parity measurement performed at the High Intensity γ-ray Source (HIGS) facility in Durham, USA, and a comparison with theoretical results from microscopic calculations. The coexistence of isoscalar, isovector, and isospin-mixed electric dipole excitations of diverse underlying structure, including a strong almost pure isoscalar oscillation, was revealed.

In addition, protons at intermediate energies (80 MeV/u) were used for the first time at KVI Groningen in a (p,p'γ) coincidence experiment on 140Ce. In this way, access to the dipole response to a complementary hadronic probe with a dominant isoscalar character, but a higher penetration depth due to a higher energy per nucleon, is given. The deduced excitation pattern complements the picture previously obtained from (α,α'γ) and (γ,γ') experiments.

The last part of this thesis deals with the investigation of candidates for the two-phonon 1^- state in 40Ca and 140Ce. For this purpose, the γ-decay behavior of the candidates was studied using the newly installed and commissioned high-efficiency γ-γ coincidence setup γ3 for (γ,γ') experiments at HIGS.